A policy think tank of the Indian government, NITI Aayog, has released its national blockchain policy draft paper dubbed “Blockchain — The India Strategy” which explains different use cases of blockchain in India along with some conclusions from ongoing pilot projects.
NITI Aayog was established with the aim to achieve sustainable development goals by fostering the involvement of state governments of India in the economic policy-making process.
The strategy document targets stakeholders such as government, enterprise leaders and citizens with the aim of demystifying the concepts surrounding blockchain technology. It aims to create a concrete national plan of action towards blockchain technology.
The policy paper is being released in two different parts. Part one deals with basic concepts, trust systems, the economic potential of smart contracts and blockchain, ease of doing business and different ongoing use cases. Part two will be released in the coming weeks which will mainly cover different recommendations for using blockchain technology in India.
The think tank explains that the generic features of distributed ledger technology could represent a paradigm shift in the political economy of India.
NITI Aayog has pursued proof of concepts in four areas in an attempt to better understand the possible hurdles to implementing blockchain technology. The pilot projects included a track and trace of drugs in the pharmaceutical supply chain, claims verification and approval in the disbursement of fertilizer subsidies, verification of university certificates, and a transfer of land records.
However, in order to deploy blockchain at scale, the private and public sectors need some legal and regulatory modifications, according to NITI Aayog.